types of seizures ppt

Epilepsy affects both males and females of all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.Seizure symptoms can vary widely. Among the more common types of generalized onset seizures are tonic-clonic, absence, and atonic. Know the features of common types of childhood seizures 2. be able to give advice to the parents of a child with febrile seizures 3. know the steps to manage children with epilepsy and status epilepticus What happens inside your child's brain during a seizure? If the seizure starts at a single location in one hemisphere (or side) of the brain, it’s a focal seizure, and if it starts in both hemispheres simultaneously, it’s generalized. <> But they can last as long as 15 minutes. Generalized onset seizures: These seizures affect both sides of the brain or groups of cells on both sides of the brain at the same time. Anyon… 1. Epilepsy is the most common seizure disorder and is defined as two or more seizures or recurrent seizures. Not getting enough sleep. Definition: Persistent disabling seizures despite adequate trials of 2 AEDs that are appropriate for seizure type 30-40% of patients with partial seizures Increased overall mortality rate Increased cognitive morbidities 200,000 patients in US with MR epilepsy are candidates for surgical treatment but only 2-3,000 epilepsy surgeries are Complex partial seizures are the most common seizure type in seniors. Blank staring, chewing, other repetitive purposeless movements Wandering, confusion, incoherent speech Crying, screaming, running, flailing A sudden loss of muscle tone and fall Picking at clothes, disrobing This is one type of partial seizure known as a complex partial seizure. Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.Anyone can develop epilepsy. … In some cases, these represent the continuation into old age of refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) that began in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood. A seizure occurs when a large number of the cells send out an electrical charge at the same time. The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. 2. There are many types of seizures and unique causes behind each. x��X�n�H��?4r"���"�� ��v�Ol ��h�)#.�G�����bJf��G�nvW�zU��g��:��i-�_����%,iY��m��m ϵD�ǣϯE6�}��ļ����[e9�����x��x$.aWqv#޼9�>���۷���D�*˷Ca�9���A ǖ�+�bJ�7p�k���/�d^К�C�>�G�w-Lǰ-��1����,���w��|�@U%q2���Q'y���ca�ƭN��T��+�_q��xty��9u�s��g�5��#\Ǘ�%�,ƙ������ŭ2|����B�D��q}q"n��Ǜ��SUH_ W�R�,���e����elϒ0�߆ۨ8��. Seizure types vary by where and how they begin in the brain. Some people with epilepsy simply stare blankly for a few seconds during a seizure, while others repeatedly twitch their arms or legs. Absence seizures, which used to be called “petit mal seizures,” cause a blank stare. Types of Seizure. High fever, often from an infection like meningitis. A cluster of myoclonic seizures can become continuous and evolve into a tonic-clonic seizure. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. This term was used before and still includes seizures types like tonic-clonic, absence, or atonic to name a few. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Be aware that partial seizures can spread to involve both hemispheres of the brain. Some seizure types are worth describing even if onset is unknown: • tonic-clonic • epileptic spasms • behavior arrest • 3 0 obj there are two main types of seizures: * focal seizures: these start in a particular part of your brain, and their names are based on the part where … In this type of epilepsy, seizures develop in a particular area (or network of brain cells) on one side of the brain. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Choice of drugs depends on type of seizures or epileptic syndromes, age of patient and potential drug adverse effects. A seizure can also be more subtle, consisting of only a brief "loss of contact" or a few moments of what appears to be daydreaming. Classification of seizure • It is important to determine the type of seizure that has occurred – to find out the etiology, selecting the ... 3. Seizures can cause changes in behavior, uncontrollable movement, and loss of consciousness. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) presents a revised operational classification of seizure types. Cry out. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Epilepsy and convulsion syndromes Epilepsy is a chronic disorder, which is characterized by the presence of: Epileptic focus Recurrent attacks with various clinical ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 46273a-ZTYwO Usually occur in childhood and rarely persist into adulthood. If you have two or more seizures or a tendency to have recurrent seizures, you have epilepsy.There are many types of seizures, which range in severity. Epileptic Seizure Types and Symptoms Epileptic seizures are divided into two broad categories: generalized and partial (or focal). • Absence – seizures characterised by an abrupt, transient loss or impairment of consciousness (which is not subsequently remembered) • Tonic-clonic – type of generalised seizure that involves a tonic – stiffening phase and a clonic – jerking phase • Atonic -seizures characterised by abrupt brief loss of muscle tone. ... nothing about the type of seizure, however the specific area of the brain affected may suggest the specific type of seizure ; endobj Focal (or partial) seizures Expand 1. Get the plugin now. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The epileptic syndromes and their significance A major advance in recent epileptology is the recognition of epileptic syndromes that allows an accurate diagnosis and management of seizure disorders. PPT – Seizures PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 3079c-NTZkM. SEIZURES/EPILEPSY Emergency Care ... uncontrolled episodes of excessive electrical discharges in the brain There are over 30 different types of seizures Not all ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 79ff48-YzZmY Generalized seizures are produced by abnormal electrical activity throughout the brain. Absence seizures, sometimes called petit mal seizures, can cause rapid blinking or a few seconds of staring into space. stream Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. [1-3] Medical diagnosis is the identification of a disease by investigation of its symptoms and history, which provides a solid basis for the treatment and prognosis of the individual patient. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It can cause changes in your behavior, movements or feelings, and in levels of consciousness. There are two broad categories of seizures; generalized and focal. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. generalized seizure 1)absence seizure 2) myoclonic seizure 3) infantile spasm 4) clonic seizure 5) tonic seizure 6) tonic clonic seizure 7) atonic seizure 20. Usually b/w 4&12 yrs age. camera at the start. Classifying the type of seizure is very important, and will help your doctor plan the treatment you need. Most seizures last from 30 seconds to two minutes. 4 0 obj There are several different types of seizures. 2 0 obj Tonic-clonic : These are also known as grand mal seizures . endobj <>/Metadata 2605 0 R/ViewerPreferences 2606 0 R>> Classification of the seizureS, International Lrague Against Epilepsy (ILAE). childhood seizures and epilepsy for medical students, No public clipboards found for this slide. Learn more. This abnormal and intense wave of electricity overwhelms the brain and results in a seizure, which can cause muscle spasms, a loss of consciousness, strange behavior, or other symptoms. This is called a focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. 1. Here is a simplified explanation: Your brain is made up of billions of nerve cells called neurons, which communicate with one another through tiny electrical impulses. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 1 0 obj What Types of Seizures Are There? Most seizures can be categorized as either focal or generalized. What seizure type is this? Focal (or partial) seizures Section. Tonic-clonic seizures can evolve from any of the focal or generalized seizure types. Epilepsy (p130) Epilepsy (p130) Aim and claim Aim and claim 1. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. In case of well controlled epilepsy, regular clinical supervision is the only essential measure. Seizures are classified into two groups. Focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure (previously called a secondarily generalised seizure) Sometimes focal seizures spread from one side (hemisphere) to both sides of the brain. management of seizures is important.. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. %���� The purpose of such a revision is to recognize that some seizure types can have either a focal or generalized onset, to allow classification when the onset is unobserved, to include some missing seizure types, and to adopt more transparent names. Formerly called ‘petit mal’ seizure. Drugs used to treat Seizures. Tonic-clonic seizures, also called grand mal seizures, can make a person. A seizure is an electrical disturbance in the brain. endobj If polypharmacy has to be used, beware of drug interactions. Seizure Types (cont.) A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Definitions • Aura is the subjective sensation or … %PDF-1.5 Classification of seizure Amarendra B. Singh 090201263. With atonic seizures in children (also called drop attacks) there is a sudden loss of … Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. <> See also: sub-topics. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. These used to be called "partial seizures." For example, a focal seizure can spread to both sides of the brain and cause tonic-clonic seizures. Symptoms include: This type of seizure may also cause repetitive movements like lip smacking or blinking. That depends on the type of febrile seizure. Focal (or partial) seizures occur when seizure activity is limited to a part of one brain hemisphere. The resulting seizure would be categorized as &quot;secondarily generalized.&quot; Like a partial seizure, a complex partial seizure starts in one hemisphere of the brain, and can spread to areas that involve consciousness. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Generalized seizures affect both sides of the brain. Atonic Seizures. The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. Simple seizures: These are the most common and usually are over in a minute or two. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. You want to go back to later and partial ( or partial ) seizures occur when seizure activity is to! 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